Displaying items by tag: Dangote
In the global cement news this week, we see that PPC (the former Pretoria Portland Cement), a large-scale domestic player in the South African cement industry, has taken it upon itself to provide association-like services to cement and concrete consumers in the country. PPC says that it felt obliged to supply information on things like quantity analysis, setting advice and product testing in the place of the now-defunct Cement and Concrete Institute (CCI).
The CCI, lambasted by PPC and other cement producers for years, was accused in April 2013 by PPC of not providing the kind of advice and services that cement producers should expect from an association. PPC, Lafarge and AfriSam all pulled funding and the CCI collapsed.
If the CCI had simply ceased to exist, PPC's new stance, putting its own cash into industry-wide assistance, might be seen as laudable. However, the CCI has been re-born as the Concrete Institute (CI), an organisation that is, by its own admission, no longer on the lookout for the interests of the whole industry. The CI is largely backed by Sephaku Cement, itself majority owned by the Nigerian cement juggernaut Dangote Cement, making PPC's stance suddenly look like one of self-preservation. Dangote is making rapid progress in the sub-Saharan cement industry and firms like PPC cannot afford to let it sweep aside the status-quo in South Africa.
The speed and scale of Dangote's rise, covered previously in this column, is huge. Nigeria's largest company now has interests in Senegal, Zambia, Tanzania, Congo, Ethiopia, Cameroon, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast and Liberia as well as Nigeria and South Africa. Not a month goes by without the announcement of another upgrade, plant or project. Dangote has a fantastic position in its domestic market that has enabled these new projects to be funded.
By contrast PPC is battling a stale construction market in South Africa. South African cement sales fell by 3.8% year-on-year in the fourth quarter of 2012. To counteract this, PPC has committed to expand outside of South Africa to the tune of 40% of total production by the start of 2016. It announced in early 2013 that production is on track to come online in Rwanda, Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of Congo by the fourth quarter of 2015. Zimbabwe is expected to follow suit by the middle of 2016. It already has interests in Botswana and Mozambique.
With two of its largest home-grown cement producers both expanding rapidly outside of their domestic markets, and a relative lack of interest from the big four multinationals, the sub-Saharan cement market is set for big changes in the medium to long term. PPC and Dangote are expanding towards each other and already share many markets. Dangote has expanded more rapidly and is moving towards exports from Nigeria. PPC is catching up by taking shares in strategically-placed plants. Is sub-Sahara headed for a showdown...? Whatever happens, the future of this rapidly-growing market will certainly be interesting.
South Africa: PPC (formerly Pretoria Portland Cement) launched a news and cement services 'online service desk' on 11 June 2013. The digital service follows hot on the heels of a mobile cement calculator app that can help calculate the amount of cement required for a specific job and offers real-time advice on how and when to lay concrete, based on local weather conditions.
PPC's said that it felt 'an obligation' to provide its customers (and those of the South African cement industry in general) with the information after it pulled its financial support from the Cement and Concrete Institute in April 2013. The CCI has since been dissolved. PPC had accused the CCI of being outdated and no longer able to supply the services that it, as a producer, required from an association. PPC's exit was quickly followed by AfriSam and Lafarge.
Aside from its digital services, PPC will also provide financial and technical support to universities to help develop SA's building materials and civil engineering industries. It will also expand its cement and concrete testing services, as the institute closed its testing laboratory years ago.
The CCI has since been re-established as the not-for-profit organisation the Concrete Institute (CI). It is headed by former CCI managing director Bryan Perrie, who stated that the CI is no longer representative of the whole South African industry. It is strongly linked to Sephaku Cement, which itself is majority-owned by Nigeria's dominant producer Dangote Cement.
Tanzania: Dangote Cement has started construction of a US$500m cement plant in Mtwara, Tanzania. The 3Mt/yr plant is expected to be completed by March 2015. Company president Aliko Dangote said commencement of the Tanzania plant is part of the strategy of the group's strategy to increase its cement production capacity to at least 29Mt/yr by 2015.
"Our investment in this sector, which is outside the traditional mining sector, is to take advantage of the abundance of limestone in the country and work towards making Tanzania self-sufficient in cement production. We must commend the government and people of Tanzania for recent public sector and banking reforms as well as revamped and new legislative frameworks, which have spurred private sector-driven investment," said Dangote.
Nigeria: Dangote Cement has reported a rise in net profit of 80.7% to US$340m in the first quarter of 2013 from US$188m in the same period in 2012. The Nigerian cement producer attributed the gain to an increased market demand of 15.7% (estimated 5.4Mt), improved gas supply and falling imports of cement into the Nigerian market.
Dangote's revenue rose by 39.5% to US$604m from US$433m. Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) rose by 67.3% to US$398m from US$238m.
"Our 38% increase in volumes far outpaced the Nigerian market's strong growth of 16%," commented Devakumar Edwin, group managing director and chief executive of Dangote Cement. "Our gas supply has been better this year and that has driven margins upwards from the first quarter of 2012, when our new capacity at Ibese and Obajana was just coming on stream.
In its outlook Dangote reported that the strong demand had continued in April 2013. It noted that gas supply problems, which hindered its Obajan cement plant in particular, might continue in 2013. Cement exports are expected to make a modest contribution to 2013 sales.
Nepal: Nigerian cement producer Dangote Cement has formally expressed interest to build a US$550m cement plant in Nepal. Investment Board Nepal (IBN) has received an application from Dangote, according to a press release from the IBN.
IBN CEO Radhesh Pant also confirmed to Nepalese newspaper República that Dangote is looking for mines in Nepal. Dangote has expressed interest in setting up a plant in the western Nepalese district of Surkhet.
If you have any spare cement this week – send it to Ghana!
First, HeidelbergCement announced plans for a new cement mill on the coast at Takoradi. Then, Dangote officially started to export cement to the west African nation.
HeidelbergCement's strategy in the region is telling because it is starting to head inland. The press release on Ghana indicated that the German-based cement producer intends to expand its capacity to 4.4Mt/yr by late 2014. This follows a recent announcement that HeidelbergCement are building their first grinding plant in Burkina Faso, directly north of Ghana. Previously the producer imported cement there. Now it intends to build a US$50m plant with a production capacity of 0.65Mt/yr.
Since most of HeidelbergCement's existing infrastructure in the region is based on the coast, building a plant in a landlocked nation - Burkina Faso - is a huge vote of investor confidence in west Africa. "In particular the countries of sub-Saharan Africa have a very high growth potential due to their early stage of industrialisation and rich natural resources," said Dr Bernd Scheifele, chairman of the managing board of HeidelbergCement in the statement accompanying the Ghana expansion.
The move also provides a clue as to how competitive the cement market is becoming in territories near the coast in Africa. Currently HeidelbergCement holds a mostly coastal presence in western Africa, in Benin, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Togo. It has four cement plants and nine grinding plants. Its cement business made a year-on-year increase in revenue of 12% to Euro612m in 2012.
Roughly calculated, HeidelbergCement is paying US$77/t in Burkina Faso compared to US$38/t in Ghana to build its new production capacity. HeidelbergCement must be paying double for a reason.
Meanwhile, Dangote Cement announced on the same day (11 March 2013) that a fleet of cement trucks were heading to Ghana. Already the Nigerian cement producer holds a cement terminal with a bagging capacity of 1.5Mt/yr in the country. Dangote intends to start exporting 5000t/week of cement. Its eventual target is 5000t/day when the logistics are in place, or up to 1.8Mt/yr. Not a bad start in unloading Dangote's self-declared overcapacity of 20Mt/yr in Nigeria upon the neighbouring nations in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
Ghana: Dangote Cement has officially commenced the export of cement from its Ibese plant, Ogun State to Ghana. The Nigerian cement producer will start to export 5000t/week of cement using 50 silo trucks. However upon the completion of all logistics it says it intends to export 50 trucks of cement per day or up to 1.8Mt/yr.
Alhaji Aliko Dangote, Dangote's chairman, had previously commented in an interview with Reuters that his company would start cement exports to the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) by the end of 2012. Dangote currently says it has a production overcapacity of 20Mt/yr in Nigeria.
Dangote Cement commissioned its first overseas cement terminal in 2011 in Accra Port, Ghana with a bagging capacity of 1.5Mt/yr. Dangote has also commented that there are good market opportunities in other neighbouring countries such as Liberia, Sierra Leone and Ivory Coast.
South Africa: Sephaku Holdings, the listed company with a 36% shareholding in Sephaku Cement, has nearly doubled its headline loss to US$1.11m in the six months to 31 December 2012 compared to US$0.63m in the same period of 2011. However, the company is in a strong cash position according to CEO Lelau Mohuba.
Sephaku Cement plans to commission a clinker plant towards the end of the 2013, which will produce 2.5Mt/yr of cement. It is 64%-owned by Nigeria's Dangote Cement. Mohuba said the commissioning was on schedule and that Sephaku would become a major player in the South African cement market, which currently produces 14Mt/yr.
Meanwhile shareholders have approved the acquisition of Metier Mixed Concrete on 11 January 2013. The company concluded a 10 year funding agreement deal valued at US$220m with Standard Bank and Nedbank in October 2012. Sephaku's directors said this agreement would close the gap in terms of the capital they would require for Sephaku Cement to be fully prepared for market entry and for it to become a significant competitor in the wholesale and retail cement trade.
Dangote has, according to reports, invested more than US$124m in the cement venture at Aganang, near Lichtenburg in North West Province, making it the largest foreign direct investment in South Africa by a company from elsewhere in Africa.
Nigeria: German vertical roller mill (VRM) producer Loesche GmbH has been awarded a contract for five new VRMs from China's Sinoma International Engineering, which is building a two kiln extension to the existing Dangote Cement Ibese plant. Loesche previously delivered equipment for the first and second lines at the same plant.
The five VRMs to be supplied are two 450t/hr Loesche Mill Type LM69.9 mills for raw material and three 310t/hr cement LM 63.3+3C cement mills. As with previous work at Ibese, the high moisture of the material of up to 20%, the sticky nature of the raw material and the low grindability of the raw material represent special challenges for the project.
In addition to the mills and the mill motors, Loesche will deliver metal detectors and hopper discharge feeders. The supply of the equipment will be split between Loesche, which is supplying key parts, and a Chinese-manufactured portion arranged by Sinoma International under supervision of Loesche. Delivery is scheduled at the end of 2013.
Ethiopia: Sinoma has also announced that it has contracted Loesche as the sole supplier of grinding technology for the construction of the Menagasha grinding plant, which is being constructed by Dangote. Delivery will be in early 2014.
Four Loesche mills will be included in the process; a 450t/hr LM 69.6 for raw material grinding, a 50t/hr LM 28.3D for coal grinding and two LM53.3+3C mills will be used for grinding clinker additives such as gypsum, limestone and pumice.
In addition to the mills and the mill motors, Loesche will deliver metal detectors and mill rotary feeders. The supply is a split-up of Loesche key parts and a Chinese manufactured portion arranged by Sinoma International under supervision of Loesche.
Both the plant elevation of 2600m above sea level and the very poor grindability of the cement raw material represents a special challenge for the layout of the grinding equipment in this case.
Nigeria: Nigeria's Dangote Cement re-opened its Gboko cement plant on 31 January 2013. The plant, which represents 20% of Dangote's production in the country due to its 4Mt/yr cement capacity was shut by the company in early December 2012, citing a glut in the market caused by imported cement from Asia.
"Since the shutdown of the Gboko Cement Plant, the government has been engaging local cement manufacturers in discussions and trying to find solutions to the challenges facing the industry," said Dangote in a statement. It added that the decision to re-open followed a meeting between President Goodluck Jonathan and the firm's chairman Aliko Dangote.
At the end of December 2012, Dangote Cement said that it expected its first quarter pre-tax profit to rise by 39% year-on-year to around US$267.8m. Dangote has expanded aggressively in recent years, supplying a construction boom in Africa's second-biggest economy and most populous nation. It plans to grow its Nigerian production to 29Mt/yr by 2015 and is also building cement plants across Africa, although cheap imports from Asia are seen as a threat to margins.